考前必背SAT高频词汇(101-150)
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考前必背SAT高频词汇(101-150)

为了帮助大家高效备考SAT,蘑菇教育小编为大家带来考前必背SAT高频词汇(101-150),希望对大家备考有所帮助。

  为了帮助大家高效备考SAT,蘑菇教育小编为大家带来考前必背SAT高频词汇(101-150),希望对大家备考有所帮助。

  表1-单词自测表

  101. conservative /kənˈsɜːvətɪv/

  102. mollify /ˈmɒlɪˌfaɪ/

  103. inflamed /ɪnˈfleɪmd/

  104. obdurate /ˈɒbdjʊrɪt/

  105. altruism

  106. prescient /ˈprɛsɪənt/

  107.elite /ɪˈliːt, eɪ-/

  108. latitude/ˈlætɪˌtjuːd/

  109. compilation /ˌkɒmpɪˈleɪʃən/

  110. commemorate /kəˈmɛməˌreɪt/

  111. uncorroborated /ˌʌnkəˈrɒbəˌreɪtɪd/

  112. ephemeral /ɪˈfɛmərəl/

  113. histrionics /ˌhɪstrɪˈɒnɪks/

  114. gregarious /ɡrɪˈɡɛərɪəs/

  115. taciturn /ˈtæsɪˌtɜːn/

  116. inform

  117. hubris /ˈhjuːbrɪs/

  118. seminal /ˈsɛmɪnəl/

  119. intransigent /ɪnˈtrænsɪdʒənt/

  120. platitude /ˈplætɪˌtjuːd/

  121. antithetical /ˌæntɪˈθɛtɪkəl/

  122. adulatory /ˌædjʊˈleɪtərɪ/

  123. embezzlement /ɪmˈbɛz əlmənt/

  124. versatile /ˈvɜːsəˌtaɪl/

  125. staple /ˈsteɪpəl/

  126. ingrate /ˈɪnɡreɪt/

  127. immerse /ɪˈmɜːs/

  128. implicit /ɪmˈplɪsɪt/

  129. doctor 少侠,此处不是医生的意思。

  130. panache /pəˈnæʃ/

  131. aloofness

  132. decry /dɪˈkraɪ/

  133. defray /dɪˈfreɪ/

  134. sneer /snɪə/

  135. hodgepodge

  136. inert

  137. sonorous /ˈsɒnərəs/

  138. soporific /ˌsɒpəˈrɪfɪk/

  139. exotic /ɪɡˈzɒtɪk/

  140. effusive /ɪˈfjuːsɪv/

  141. reticent /ˈrɛtɪsənt/

  142. meticulous /mɪˈtɪkjʊləs/

  143. sanguine /ˈsæŋɡwɪn/

  144. nemesis /ˈnɛmɪsɪs/

  145. reduce

  146. pernicious /pəˈnɪʃəs/

  147. camouflage /ˈkæməˌflɑːʒ/

  148. glut /ɡlʌt/

  149. loquacious /lɒˈkweɪʃəs/

  150. refractory /rɪˈfræktərɪ/

  表2 :词汇记忆表

  101. conservative

  conservative /kənˈsɜːvətɪv/ CET4 TEM4 ( conservatives )

  ADJ Someone who is conservative has views that are toward the political right. In the U.S. the Republicans are more conservative than the Democrats, who are more liberal. 持政治右倾观点的

  例:

  ...counties whose citizens invariably support the most conservative candidatein any election.

  …公民们在任何选举中都千篇一律地支持最保守的候选人的县。

  102. mollify

  mollify /ˈmɒlɪˌfaɪ/ TEM8 (mollifying, mollified, mollifies )

  V-T If you mollify someone,you do or say something to make them less upset or angry. 安抚; 平息 [正式]

  例:

  The investigation was undertaken primarily to mollify pressure groups.

  展开该调查的目的主要是为了安抚那些压力集团。

  103. inflamed

  inflamed /ɪnˈfleɪmd/ TEM8

  ADJ If part of your body isinflamed, it is red or swollen, usually as a result of an infection, injury, orillness. 红肿的; 发炎的

  例:

  Symptoms include red, itchy and inflamed skin.

  症状包括皮肤红肿、瘙痒和发炎。

  104. obdurate

  obdurate /ˈɒbdjʊrɪt/

  ADJ If you describe someoneas obdurate, you think that they are being unreasonable in their refusal tochange their decision or opinion. 执拗的; 顽固不化的 [正式]

  例:

  Parts of the administration may be changing but others have been obdurate defenders of the status quo.

  政府的一些部门可能正在作出改变,但其他部门却要执意维持现状。

  105. altruism

  利他主义

  106. prescient

  prescient /ˈprɛsɪənt/

  ADJ If you say that someone or something was prescient, you mean that they were able to know or predict what was going to happen in the future. 预知的; 先知的; 预见性的 [正式]

  例:

  ...an eerily prescient comedy about a populist multimillionaire political candidate.

  ...围绕一位身价数百万的民粹主义政治候选人的一部喜剧,其预见性近乎诡异。

  107. elite

  elite /ɪˈliːt, eɪ-/ CET6 TEM8 ( elites )

  N-COUNT You can refer to themost powerful, rich, or talented people within a particular group, place, orsociety as the elite. 精英

  例:

  ...a government comprisedmainly of the elite.

  …主要由精英组成的政府。

  108. latitude

  latitude /ˈlætɪˌtjuːd/ CET6 TEM4 ( latitudes )

  N-VAR The latitude of a place is its distance from the equator.纬度

  例:

  In the middle to high latitudes rainfall has risen steadily over thelast 20-30 years.

  中高纬度地区的降雨量在过去的20到30年间稳步上升了。

  109. compilation

  compilation /ˌkɒmpɪˈleɪʃən/ ( compilations )

  N-COUNT A compilation is abook, CD, or programme that contains many different items that have been gathered together, usually ones which have already appeared in other places. 汇编; 合集

  例:

  His latest CD is a compilation of his jazz works over the past decade.

  他最新的CD是他过去十年的爵士乐作品集。

  110. commemorate

  commemorate /kəˈmɛməˌreɪt/ CET6 TEM4 ( commemorating, commemorated,commemorates )

  V-T To commemorate an important event or person means to remember them by means of a special action,ceremony, or specially created object. 纪念

  例:

  One room contained a gallery of paintings commemorating great moments in baseball history.

  有一间房间里有一个画廊,陈列着纪念棒球史上伟大时刻的绘画作品。

  111. uncorroborated

  uncorroborated /ˌʌnkəˈrɒbəˌreɪtɪd/

  ADJ An uncorroborated statement or claim is not supported by any evidence or information. (声明等)无证据的; 未经证实的 [usu ADJ n]

  例:

  Uncorroboratedconfessions should no longer be accepted by courts.

  无证据的供词不应继续被法庭采信。

  112. ephemeral

  ephemeral /ɪˈfɛmərəl/ TEM8

  ADJ If you describe something as ephemeral, you mean that it lasts only for a short time. 短暂的; 瞬间的 [正式]

  例:

  He talked about the country'sephemeral unity being shattered by the defeat.

  他谈到战败彻底粉碎了国家的短暂统一。

  113. histrionics

  histrionics /ˌhɪstrɪˈɒnɪks/

  N-PLURAL If you disapprove of someone's dramatic and exaggerated behaviour, you can describe it ashistrionics. 装腔作势 [表不满]

  例:

  When I explained everythingto my mom and dad, there were no histrionics.

  当我向自己的父母对一切做解释时,没有装腔作势。

  114. gregarious

  gregarious /ɡrɪˈɡɛərɪəs/TEM8

  1.

  ADJ Someone who is gregarious enjoys being with other people. 爱社交的

  例:

  She is such a gregarious and outgoing person.

  她就是这样一个爱社交而且外向的人。

  2.

  ADJ Gregarious animals orbirds normally live in large groups. 群居的

  例:

  Snow geese are very gregarious birds.

  雪雁是种群居的鸟类。

  115. taciturn

  taciturn /ˈtæsɪˌtɜːn/ TEM8

  ADJ A taciturn person does not say very much and can seem unfriendly. 不爱说话的

  例:

  A taciturn man, he replied to my questions in monosyllables.

  他不爱说话,对我的问题一两个字就打发了。

  116. inform

  V-T If a situation oractivity is informed by an idea or a quality, that idea or quality is verynoticeable in it. 弥漫 (思想或品质等) [正式]

  例:

  All great songs are informed by a certain sadness and tension.

  所有动听的歌曲无不弥漫着某种伤感和紧绷感。

  117. hubris

  hubris /ˈhjuːbrɪs/

  N-UNCOUNT If you accuse someone of hubris, you are accusing them of arrogant pride. 傲慢自大; 自恃 [正式]

  例:

  ...a tale of how anhonourable man pursuing honourable goals was afflicted with hubris and led his nation toward catastrophe.

  ...一个有关追求崇高目标的磊落君子如何因自高自大、而将自己的国家引向灾难的故事。

  118. seminal

  seminal /ˈsɛmɪnəl/ TEM8

  1.

  ADJ Seminal is used to describe things such as books, works, events, and experiences that have a great influence in a particular field. (在某一领域内) 有重大影响的[正式]

  例:

  ...author of the seminal book "Animal Liberation."

  …有着巨大影响的《动物解放》一书的作者。

  119. intransigent

  intransigent /ɪnˈtrænsɪdʒənt/ TEM8

  ADJ If you describe someone as intransigent, you mean that they refuse to behave differently or to change their attitude to something. 顽固的 [正式]

  例:

  ...Sami's opinionated and intransigent father.

  …萨米那武断而固执的父亲。

  120. platitude

  platitude /ˈplætɪˌtjuːd/ (platitudes )

  N-COUNT A platitude is a statement that is considered meaningless and boring because it has been made many times before in similar situations. 陈词滥调 [表不满]

  例:

  Why couldn't he say something vital and original instead of just spouting the sameold platitudes?

  他为什么不能说点重要的、有新意的东西,而不只是喋喋不休地讲些陈词滥调呢?

  121. antithetical

  antithetical /ˌæntɪˈθɛtɪkəl/

  ADJ Something that is antithetical to something else is the opposite of it and is unable to exist with it. 对立的 [书面] [usu v-link ADJ 'to'n]

  例:

  Their priorities are antithetical to those of environmentalists.

  他们的重点与环保主义者的重点是对立的。

  122. adulatory

  adulatory /ˌædjʊˈleɪtərɪ/

  ADJ If someone makes anadulatory comment about someone, they praise them and show their admiration forthem. 奉承拍马的[usuADJ n]

  例:

  ...adulatoryreviews.

  …奉承的评论。

  123. embezzlement

  embezzlement /ɪmˈbɛz əlmənt/

  N-UNCOUNT Embezzlement is the crime of embezzling money. 挪用公款

  例:

  He was later charged with embezzlement.

  他后来被指控挪用公款。

  124. versatile

  versatile /ˈvɜːsəˌtaɪl/ CET6 TEM4

  1.

  ADJ If you say that a person is versatile, you approve of them because they have many different skills. 多才多艺的 [表赞许]

  例:

  He had been one of the game's most versatile athletes.

  他是这次运动会中最有才能的运动员之一。

  2.

  ADJ A tool, machine, or material that is versatile can be used for many different purposes. 用途广泛的

  例:

  Never before has computing been so versatile.

  计算机技术从未像现在这样用途广泛。

  125. staple

  staple /ˈsteɪpəl/ CET6 TEM4 ( stapling, stapled, staples )

  ADJ A staple food, product,or activity is one that is basic and important in people's everyday lives. 基本的; 主要的 (食物、产品、活动) [ADJ n]

  例:

  Rice is the staple food ofmore than half the world's population.

  大米是世界上半数以上人口的主食。

  126. ingrate

  ingrate /ˈɪnɡreɪt, ɪnˈɡreɪt/

  1.

  N an ungrateful person 忘恩负义的人

  2.

  ADJ ungrateful 忘恩负义的

  127. immersed

  immerse /ɪˈmɜːs/ CET6 TEM8 ( immersing, immersed, immerses )

  V-T If you immerse yourself in something that you are doing, you become completely involved in it. 使专心于

  例:

  Their commitments do not permit them to immerse themselves in current affairs as fully as they might wish.

  他们的职责不允许他们如其所愿地埋头于时事。

  128. implicit

  implicit /ɪmˈplɪsɪt/ CET4 TEM8

  ADJ Something that is implicit is expressed in an indirect way. 含蓄的

  例:

  ...animplicit warning to the Moroccans not to continue or repeat the military actions they began a week ago.

  …叫摩洛哥人不要继续或重复一周前开始的军事行动的含蓄警告。

  129. doctoring

  V-T If someone doctors something, they change it in order to deceive people. 窜改

  例:

  They doctored the prints, deepening the lines to make her look as awful as possible.

  他们窜改了照片,加深皱纹使她尽可能地难看。

  130. panache

  panache /pəˈnæʃ/

  N-UNCOUNT If you do something with panache, you do it in a confident, stylish, and elegant way. 神气十足; 派头

  例:

  The orchestra played with great panache.

  管弦乐队神气十足地演奏着。

  131. aloofness

  aloofness

  n. aloof的变形

  aloof [ə'lu:f]

  adv.

  在(视力能及的)距离上;远离,离开;避开;游离在外

  冷漠超然地,冷漠地,超然离群地

  132. decry

  decry /dɪˈkraɪ/ TEM8 (decrying, decried, decries )

  V-T If someone decries anidea or action, they criticize it strongly. (强烈)批评 [正式]

  例:

  He is impatient with those who decry the plan.

  他无法忍受那些批评这项计划的人。

  例:

  People decried the campaign as a waste of money.

  人民谴责这项运动只是浪费金钱。

  133. defray

  defray /dɪˈfreɪ/ ( defraying,defrayed, defrays )

  V-T If you defray someone'scosts or expenses, you give them money which represents the amount that theyhave spent, for example, while they have been doing something for you or actingon your behalf. 支付 [正式]

  例:

  The government has committedbillions toward defraying the costs of the war.

  政府已许诺用数亿万美元来支付战争的费用。

  134. sneer

  sneer /snɪə/ CET6+ TEM4 ( sneering, sneered, sneers )

  V-T/V-I If you sneer at someone or something, you express your contempt for them by the expression onyour face or by what you say. 嘲笑

  例:

  Most critics have sneered at the movie, calling it dull and cheaplymade.

  大多数批评家都嘲笑这部电影,称其无聊、制作低劣。

  135. hodgepodge

  n. 大杂烩;混煮;一团糟

  136. inert

  ADJ An inert substance is one that does not react with other substances.惰性的 [技术]

  例:

  ...inert gases like neon and argon.

  …像氖和氩这样的惰性气体。

  137. sonorous

  sonorous /səˈnɔːrəs, ˈsɒnərəs/

  ADJ A sonorous sound is deep and rich. 洪亮的 [文学性]

  例:

  "Doctor McKee?" theman called in an even, sonorous voice.

  “麦基医生?”那个男人电话上的声音均衡浑厚。

  138. soporific

  soporific /ˌsɒpəˈrɪfɪk/

  ADJ Something that is soporific makes you feel sleepy. 催眠的 [正式]

  例:

  ...the soporific effect of the alcohol.

  ...酒精的催眠效果。

  139. exotic

  exotic /ɪɡˈzɒtɪk/ CET6TEM8

  ADJ Something that is exoticis unusual and interesting, usually because it comes from or is related to a distant country. (常因来自遥远的他国而显得) 奇异的

  例:

  ...brilliantly coloured, exotic flowers.

  …色彩绚丽的奇异花卉。

  140. effusive

  effusive /ɪˈfjuːsɪv/ TEM4

  ADJ If you describe someone as effusive, you mean that they express pleasure, gratitude, or approval in avery enthusiastic way. 热情洋溢的; 溢于言表的

  例:

  He was effusive in his praise for the general.

  他对将军的赞美之情溢于言表。

  141. reticent

  reticent /ˈrɛtɪsənt/ TEM8

  ADJ Someone who is reticent does not tell people about things. 缄默的

  例:

  She isso reticent about her achievements.

  她对于自己的成就如此缄默。

  142. meticulous

  meticulous /mɪˈtɪkjʊləs/ CET6+ TEM8

  ADJ If you describe someone as meticulous, you mean that they do things very carefully and with greatattention to detail. 小心谨慎的

  例:

  He wasso meticulous about everything.

  他对任何事情都很小心谨慎。

  143. sanguine

  sanguine /ˈsæŋɡwɪn/ TEM8

  ADJ If you are sanguine about something, you are cheerful and confident that things will happen in the wayyou want them to. 乐观的; 自信的

  例:

  He's remarkably sanguine about the problems involved.

  他对所涉及的问题非常自信。

  144. nemesis

  nemesis /ˈnɛmɪsɪs/ ( nemeses /ˈnɛmɪˌsiːz/)

  N-UNCOUNT The nemesis of aperson or thing is a situation, event, or person which causes them to beseriously harmed, especially as a punishment. 严重惩罚 [oft with poss]

  例:

  The new mathematics test will become the nemesis of teachers.

  新的数学测试将会是对老师们的严重惩罚。

  145. reduce

  1.

  V-T If you say that someoneis reduced to doing something, you mean that they have to do it, although it isunpleasant or embarrassing. 迫使[usupassive]

  例:

  He was reduced to begging for a living.

  他不得不以乞讨为生。

  2.

  V-T If something is changed to a different or less complicated form, you can say that it is reduced to that form. 使变成; 使简化为 [usu passive]

  例:

  All the buildings in the town have been reduced to rubble.

  镇上所有的建筑都变成了瓦砾。

  146. pernicious

  pernicious /pəˈnɪʃəs/ TEM8

  ADJ If you describe something as pernicious, you mean that it is very harmful. 极为有害的 [正式]

  例:

  I did what I could, but hermother's influence was pernicious.

  我已尽我所能,但她母亲造成的影响是很极为不利的。

  147. camouflage

  camouflage /ˈkæməˌflɑːʒ/ TEM8 (camouflaging, camouflaged, camouflages )

  N-UNCOUNT Camouflage consistsof things such as leaves, branches, or brown and green paint, which are used tomake it difficult for an enemy to see military forces and equipment. (军事) 伪装 [also 'a' N, oft N n]

  例:

  They were dressed in camouflage and carried automatic rifles.

  他们身着迷彩服,手持自动步枪。

  148. glut

  glut /ɡlʌt/ (glutting, glutted, gluts )

  N-COUNT If there is a glut of something, there is so much of it that it cannot all be sold or used. 供应过剩 [usu sing, usu with supp]

  例:

  Exports have become increasingly important to wineries as they battle a global wine glut.

  出口对于各葡萄酒厂来说已变得日益重要, 因为他们得应对全球性的葡萄酒供应过剩问题。

  149. loquacious

  loquacious /lɒˈkweɪʃəs/

  ADJ If you describe someone as loquacious, you mean that they talk a lot. 喋喋不休的 [正式]

  例:

  The normally loquacious Mr. O'Reilly has said little.

  平常话多的奥赖利先生几乎没说什么。

  150. refractory

  refractory /rɪˈfræktərɪ/

  ADJ Refractory people are difficult to deal with or control, usually because they are unwilling to obeyorders. 难驾驭的; 不服管束的 [正式][usu ADJ n]

  例:

  ...refractory priests who refused to side with the king.

  ...拒绝支持国王的桀骜不驯的牧师。

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