托福TPO16口语Task4阅读文本+听力文本+题目+满分范文
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托福TPO16口语Task4阅读文本+听力文本+题目+满分范文

为了帮助大家高效备考托福,蘑菇教育小编为大家带来托福TPO16口语Task4阅读文本+听力文本+题目+满分范文,希望对大家备考有所帮助。

  为了帮助大家高效备考托福,蘑菇教育小编为大家带来托福TPO16口语Task4阅读文本+听力文本+题目+满分范文,希望对大家备考有所帮助。

  托福TPO16口语Task4阅读文本:

  Social Loafing

  When people work in groups to perform a task, individual group members may feel less motivated to contribute when one person is held directly responsible for completing the task. The result is that people may not work as hard, or accomplish as much as they would if they were working alone and their individual output were being measured. This decrease in personal effort, especially on a simple group task is known as social loafing. While it is not a deliberate behavior, the consequence of social loafing is less personal efficiency when working in groups than when working on one’s own.

  托福TPO16口语Task4听力文本:

  Listen to part of a lecture in a psychology class.

  (man) Now a study was done that illustrated this phenomenon. In the study people were given an ordinary task that everyone has probably done before. They were simply asked to peel potatoes, and to peel as many potatoes as possible in a given amount of time. Ok so, some people worked alone, and they were told that the number of potatoes they each peeled would be recorded. Others peeled potatoes together, as part of a group, and they were told that only the total number of potatoes peeled would be recorded. So it would be impossible to tell how many any one person had done.Then researchers compared the results of people who worked alone and those who worked together to see if there was any difference. That is, they took the average score of the people working alone and compared it to the average score of the people working together in a group, and they did discover a difference! It turns out that people working in a group peeled significantly fewer potatoes that people who worked alone.

  托福TPO16口语Task4题目:

  Using the example from the lecture, explain what social loafing is, and how it affects behavior.

  托福TPO16口语Task4满分范文:

  The phenomenon that an individual tends to decrease his/her effort in a task conducted by a group is called social loafing. According to the professor, a study was done to illustrate the phenomenon. In the study, some people were asked to peel as many  potatoes as possible within a given amount of time. Some of them worked alone, and they were told that the number of potatoes that each of them had peeled would be recorded. Others worked in a group and were told that only the total number of potatoes would be recorded, and there was no counting of how many each individual had peeled. When the results were compared, the researcher discovered that the individuals in a group peeled much less potatoes than those working alone. So this study suggests that when in a group, people are likely to contribute less since they don't think they're directly responsible for the task. (155 words)

  以上是蘑菇教育小编给大家整理的托福TPO16口语Task4阅读文本+听力文本+题目+满分范文,希望对你有所帮助!

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